Nutritional labeling of processed foods (nutritional stoplight) and its relationship with socioeconomic, cultural, demographic and advertising factors, according to parents of children between 5-11 years of age from two schools in Quito Original Research

Main Article Content

Gabriela Cantuña
Cinthya Ordoñez Torres
José Luis Ayala
Patricia Ortiz

Abstract

Introduction: Nutrition labeling is a graphic tool to notify consumers about the nutritional properties of a food, which facilitates their selection. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of nutritional labeling and socioeconomic, cultural, demographic, and advertising factors on food selection in a group of parents of children between 5-11 years old in two public and private educational units in Quito.


Methods: With a mixed, quantitative-transversal and qualitative interpretative design, a sample of opinions of 240 parents in the Educational Units (UE) Nueva Aurora (Fiscal) and 235 parents in the UE Julio María Matovelle (Private) of Quito was analyzed. Three focus groups were carried out, recorded and transcribed textually, and a questionnaire was administered. The statistical package used was SPSS v24.0.


Results: There was a higher consumption of processed foods in the private EU n = 79/240 (32.9%). Selection for easy preparation (39.2% Private EU and 46.4% Public EU). 54.2% and 57% of parents see advertising on television. Knowledge of labeling was higher in the private EU (94.9%; n = 223). Association between age [OR: 2.3; 95% CI: 1.08-5.04] instruction [OR: 3.95; 95% CI: 2.12-7.37], exposure to advertising [OR: 0.62; 95% CI: 0.36-1.05] and knowledge (P <0.05). Attitude was associated with educational level [OR: 2.57; 95% CI: 1.62-4.09] and admissions (P <0.05). Qualitative analysis: high degree of knowledge and publicity, with a significant impact on food selection.


Conclusions: Knowledge about nutritional labeling was high, but it was not the main factor in selecting food. Prep time and flavor were more important than nutritional specifications.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Cantuña Tello, G., Ordoñez Torres, C. ., Ayala, J. L., & Ortiz, P. (2021). Nutritional labeling of processed foods (nutritional stoplight) and its relationship with socioeconomic, cultural, demographic and advertising factors, according to parents of children between 5-11 years of age from two schools in Quito: Original Research. Revista Ecuatoriana De Pediatría, 22(3), Article 22:1-13. https://doi.org/10.52011/133
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Gabriela Cantuña, Pediatric Service, Carlos Andrade Marín Specialty Hospital, Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, Quito

Pediatrician at the Carlos Andrade Marin Specialty Hospital.

Cinthya Ordoñez Torres, Pediatric Service, Teófilo Dávila General Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Machala-El Oro

Pediatrician at Hospital Teofilo Davila, Machala-El Oro.

José Luis Ayala, Postgraduate Department, Faculty of Medicine, Pontifica Universidad Católica del Ecuador

Doctor of Medicine and Surgery from the Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador (Ecuador, 2002), Specialist in Pediatrics from the International University of Ecuador (Ecuador, 2007). Master in Public Health with a mention in Hospital Management from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (Ecuador, 2015).